Ushakothi is situated in the district of Sundergarh at a distance of about 40 kms in the west of Sundergarh city. It is a tribal dominated area. It is famous for its ancient caves and cave paintings. The cave paintings of this place trace to Neolithic period. There are two hills where the paintings could be found. The hills are about 2 kms apart from each other. The paintings on both the hills are liner and different from each other. It is an important site for archeology. The path between Sundergarh and Ushakothi is partly laid on gravel and tar and the rest path is through the twist and turns of forest. It is an ideal place for trekking. The nearest railhead is Himagiri Railway Station. 45 kilometer from Sambalpur town.
Ushakothi, a tribal dominated area famed for ancient rock cut caves and cave paintings, is located in Sambalpur district, about 47 km from Sundargarh and 157 km from Rourkela. The cave measuring, 46m in height and 61m in width is situated at the foot of Maheswar hill in the middle of a deep forest. The paintings inside the cave ranges from small geometrical and floral patterns to animal motifs and human figures, date back to Neolithic period.
A picturesque wildlife sanctuary named Ushakothi or Badrama Sanctuary is located at a distance of 45km to the east of Sambalpur town. Established in 1957-58, the sanctuary sprawl over an area of about 285sq kms is the home to animals like bison, sambar, panthers, tigers, chital, nilgai, wolves, leopards, spotted deers etc. The flora species in the sanctuary includes Arjun, Acacia, Neem, Sal, Sandalwood and Casuarinas. The sanctuary contains two masonry watch towers each measuring a height of 30 feet. From this tower, visitors can have a good view of the surroundings and can watch the animals roaming in their natural habitat.